Secondary Emotions

A new set of feelings emerges during early childhood called secondary or complex emotions

They differ form the primary emotions (distress, disgust, interest, happiness or contentment, sadness, fear, anger and surprise) in several ways. Most importantly, they aren’t just biologically given, rather they are learned and require both cognitive and social information. Sometimes these are called “self-conscious emotions” because most involve some evaluation of the self against a set standards, resulting in enhancing or diminishing one’s sense of self.

Secondary emotions include: pride, shame, guilt . . .

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